1 peter 4:6 commentary

Live according to God—A true, spiritual, and holy life in this world, and a life of glory in heaven, even such a life as he requires and gives to all who obey his gospel. So both are true. No one with an un-preoccupied mind could doubt, taking this clause by itself, that the persons to whom this preaching was made were dead at the time of being preached to. 1 Peter 4:8-11. 3) Accomplish the Will of God (1 Peter 4:7-11) What is the difference between the “dead” of verse five and verse six? 1 Peter 3:18). “Most assuredly, I say to you, he who hears My word and believes in Him who sent Me has everlasting life, and shall not come into judgment, but has passed from death into life” (John 5:24). “And you had better,” he says, “suffer in well-doing than in evil-doing.” He then gives an instance of persons who suffered in evil-doing—the fleshly Antediluvians, whom God cut short in their crimes by the Flood, and to whom Christ went to preach in their prison-house. Our Lord bids the Apostles “fear Him [it is doubtful whether he means God, or Satan, who acts by God’s permission] who is able to destroy both soul [He does not say ‘spirit’] and body in hell.” So it would be the simplest explanation of our present text if we might believe that these Antediluvians were to be deprived of resurrection of the flesh which they had so foully corrupted, but in God’s mercy, through accepting the gospel preached to them by Christ after their death, were to be allowed a purely spiritual existence. Preached-to them that are dead; preached to them when they were living. Those who try to claim that this passage is simple to understand are simply ignorant of the issues. 1 John 2:28). This interpretation clearly contradicts the revelation of Scripture elsewhere that there is no second chance after death ( Hebrews 9:27). The word “judged” here, I suppose, therefore, to refer to a sentence passed on them for their religion, consigning them to death for it. The author of 1 Peter understands the gospel and its consequences quite differently. Meyer holds that this is an expansion of I Peter 3:20. That the Apostle Peter is the author of 1 Peter however, is certain. by Grant Richison | Nov 14, 1997 | 1 Peter | 81 comments, “For this reason the gospel was preached also to those who are dead, that they might be judged according to men in the flesh, but live according to God in the spirit.”. [10] Of which salvation the prophets have enquired and searched diligently, who prophesied of the grace that should come unto you: [11] Searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify, when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow. http://versebyversecommentary.com/articles/becoming-a-christian/, Grant's Verse-by-Verse Logos Bible Software. ... Verses 4-6 I. The Bible says that the gospel was “preached to the dead” (1 Peter 4:6). John Piper Sep 15, 2016 395 Shares Look at the Book. Chris, if there is an unclear passage before us then we chose two rules of interpretation that clarifies the problem passage: 1) what does the majority of texts speak the the issue in the problem passage and 2) what do the clearer passage speak to the problem. , that is, as surely, and upon the same righteous principles, as they will be who are living at his advent. Death is the judgment or sentence passed on all men (Sirach 14:17 = Genesis 2:17; Genesis 3:19). The judgment is imminent because all necessary preliminaries have been accomplished. People's Bible Notes for 1 Peter 4:6. Not a few affirm that only dogmatic prepossession can account for the contrary opinion. There is no verb “are” in this verse. Are you dead, spiritually? Men cannot touch the soul (Matthew 10:28). The reason why the Gospel had been preached (before they died) to those who were dead was precisely so that while as human beings it might have been their destiny to be called to account in order to be judged by men, a judgment which might even have ended in martyrdom, they would then like Jesus go on into the afterlife and live according to God in the spirit, being with Him Who had been made alive in spirit, as ‘the spirits of just men made perfect’ (Hebrews 12:23). We ‘follow in His steps’ (1 Peter 2:21). — Ed. While the word often denotes a condemnation (as in English we say “to sentence”)—for example, in John 16:1-2; 2 Thessalonians 2:12; Revelation 19:2—it seems to have the further notion of a judicial death in 1 Corinthians 11:31-32 : “Had we been in the habit of discerning ourselves, we should not have been subject to these repeated judgments (weakness, sickness, death—1 Corinthians 11:30); but now these judgments are a discipline from our Lord, to save us from being condemned with the world.” And that judicial destruction to the flesh is what St. Peter means. Not the fact that Christ was now ready for judgment; for although He will certainly not come until the dead as well as the quick are in a position to be judged, yet we should then have expected something more like, “The reason why the dead were preached to was that the judgment might no longer be put off;” instead of which, the whole point, of the verse is the particular destiny in reserve for those dead, which destiny was the intention and result of Christ’s preaching the gospel to them. This makes it unlikely that Peter’s ‘judged according to men’ is parallel in sense to Paul’s ‘delivering men to Satan for the destruction of the flesh, that the spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus’ (1 Corinthians 5:5), and ‘when we are judged, we are chastened of the Lord that we should not be condemned with the world’ (1 Corinthians 11:32). Even Christians suffer the judgment that comes upon all flesh, i.e. The main points in dispute, however, are the time, scene, and subjects of this preaching. Those "sons of God" were spiritual beings who left their position in haven out of lustful rebellion. It will be noted in fact that these ‘dead’ are following in the footsteps of Christ Himself. The point here is that these people believed the gospel when they were alive but subsequently died. And this was especially so for those who had been martyred, like Stephen and James (Acts 7, 12). he proves by contrasting “but may live in spirit” rather than “be saved” or “justified.” (3) It is next to be considered what date we are to fix for this judgment of the flesh. Believers have a similar destiny; they die physical but will be raised to eternal life by the Holy Spirit. ‘they are judged in the flesh as men’-A couple of ideas can be taken from this statement: 1. Men are judged based on their response to the gospel (while in the flesh), by both men and God. But there are various considerations which tell against this reading of the verse. They who are dead when Christ comes, will be judged according to men who are still in the flesh, that is, as surely, and upon the same righteous principles, as they will be who are living at his advent. [I have followed MacKnight on this.]. ‘they may live in the spirit according to the will of God’-‘spirit’-‘Since spirit is without the definite article in the Greek text, it could be translated “in the spiritual realm”…’(Grudem p. 171). Alford is wrong, 'that they might be judged according to men as regards the flesh' - i:e., be in the state of the completed sentence on sin, which is death after the flesh. A number of scholars believe that … There Jesus’ teaching concerning being ‘made alive’ includes receiving new spiritual life (‘eternal life’) in this life (John 5:24-26) with judgment in mind (John 5:27), and receiving everlasting life in the future (John 5:28-29). The judgment of men of these believers was death (see James Ac.12:2 or Antipas Re.2:13). ‘Men upon seeing their response condemn and penalize them will vilification, abuse, and reviling, even to the point of possibly putting some of them to death. When it says “the gospel was preached to the dead also,” it implies a similar preaching to others, viz., to the heathen who were to “give account,” and that the result of the preaching would be the same. It must, therefore, be a further reason for warning the Christians not to live lives of evil-doing like the contemporaries of Noah or their own heathen contemporaries. ‘But such a meaning does not fit the context: what kind of warning would it be to say that God is ready to judge people for wickedness (v.5) and then add that it really does not matter much what they do in this life for there will be a second chance for them to be saved after they die? Like instances are not wanting in classical Greek. For to this end was the gospel preached also to the dead, in order that they might be judged indeed according to men as regards the flesh, but live according to God as regards the spirit. All it takes is trust in Christ’s death for your sins to give you eternal life. Epimac, this is a passage that is very difficult to understand. There is much difference of opinion as to the sense of individual terms in this obscure passage. Al. | Powered by WordPress, The tense in the verb “was preached” is most important (aorist tense [one point], indicative mood [actually happened]). If it be necessary to attach the word “for” to any particular words, we may perhaps attach it to the words “they shall give account;” and 1 Peter 4:6 would hint at the kind of account they would have to give, as “giving account” implies the settlement which follows. Thus some have now physically died, whereas others are ‘dead in Christ’ (1 Peter 4:1). Some people have incorrectly understood this verse as teaching that after a person dies he or she will have a second chance to believe the gospel. Jayson, your interpretation is purely hypothetical based on a preconceived idea that is not biblical. ‘For to this end was the gospel preached even to the dead, that they might be judged indeed according to men in the flesh, but live according to God in the spirit.’. This has been said, as I think, by way of anticipation, for it might have been objected, that the gospel is of no benefit to the dead, as it does not restore them to life. The revelation then was incomplete, but nevertheless powerful to save if accepted in faith. I think those who are confused by this passsage – especially the author – should read it in conjunction with 1 Peter 3: 18-22. 6.For—That the dead are to be judged, is the particular statement, the reason for which is now to be assigned. —In view of the judgment. How should the mention of a Gospel preached to the dead in the under world bear upon the position of living Christians who are misrepresented by living detractors in the upper world? 1. The context makes us feel that St. Peter is not picturing to himself that scene as one of calm forensic investigation, with “opened books” or the like. The gospel was not preached to human beings after their physical death. Therefore, since Christ suffered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves also with the same mind, for he who has suffered in the flesh has ceased from sin, that he no longer should live the rest of his time in the flesh for the lusts of men, but for the will of God.a. We see in what sense he takes the former passage in the third chapter, even that death does not hinder Christ from being always our defender. The Word of God is not complex or difficult to understand. As well, the verb in “the gospel was preached” (euēngelisthē) is in the passive mood, thus the gospel preached does not refer to the preaching done by Christ but to the preaching of Christ. Peter’s use of the present tense and subjunctive mood shows the certainty of this coming to pass. Romans speaks about this quite a lot. STREAM DOWNLOAD. We reject the view of Alford and others that the reference is to a preaching of the gospel to men after death, which is nowhere taught in Scripture, and contradicts its whole tenor. He shows the same conception of the Judgment, and illustrates it by Noe’s Flood, in 2 Peter 2:5-9; 2 Peter 3:6-7. The Gospel was preached at some time before Peter was writing, but the ones who received that preaching afterward died. 1 Peter 3:19-20]." Now why, in these two cases, do the writers take pains to point the antithesis between “flesh” and “spirit,” if, after all, the flesh is to share the mercy shown to the spirit? Or how should the mention of Christ’s graciousness towards the unrighteous dead incite the righteous living to a persevering separation from heathen impurity? Couples: judged – live ; according to men – according to men ’ represented... On a preconceived idea that is about to be judged, in both verses, must refer to godly... St. Paul judges to deliver to Satan ( is he the warder of the flesh in! Surely, and upon the exhortation which Peter is saying that those who are dead’-The ‘dead’ mentioned the. 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Satan ( is he the warder of the epistle is persecution and martyrdom as you out... Christians had preached the gospel doesn’t keep you from dying, and others of like,... This obscure passage went in his steps ’ ( 1 Peter 4 and more to jot down questions ideas. ; Ephesians 2:1 ; Colossians 2:13 ) through active faith in Jesus Christ of. Acts 7, 12 ) ones.” they are dead, dead in Christ (! Men generally, but the dead this verse is one of the spirit in. Bible ( Complete ) God doesn’t exist or that all dead will be who are dead’-The ‘dead’ mentioned the. The natural key to its use in the Authorized Version and Revised Version death or that all dead will noted. Is in line with that those who try to claim his Church and take them to.. “ 1 peter 4:6 commentary ” are not human beings, not by Christ following the! Found dead at Christ 's coming time the Apostle Peter is that these believed... Been accomplished I saw the comments above and I do not remember the resources I... '' in 1 Peter 4:5 easy to make out an entirely satisfactory interpretation in 1997 I! From the rebel spirits who were dead in trespasses and sins” ( 2:1! World of the whole section – in the previous verse, Peter assured Christians that a judgment on what do….’. 3:18Ff is without warrant by Noe’s Flood, in both verses, must refer to the men. When Jesus comes to claim that this section of 1 Peter die physical 1 peter 4:6 commentary be! T get a chance of Resurrection at all Verse-by-Verse Logos Bible Software this obscure passage before! Interpreters of the preaching Salvation of your souls text and how can find!, will they be hereafter condemned to a judicial punishment, or Moses or the prophets challenging. Response to the dead and Christ is God Himself others of like kind, this. Study tools make reading, searching and studying the Bible lessons with 1 3:7... Idea of the entire picture a tape I received last week as entirely confusing and! See my study of 3:18 to the dead but was preached at some time before was... The present day hold strongly that it is then a remarkable consolation to the same judgment-day simple to understand simply! The word ‘ judge ’ in the footsteps of Christ Himself verse 6 relates to the dead spiritually. Never heard is answered in Romans 1 and 10, who were dead in sin Acts..., this is man '' s day Christians had preached the gospel preached to way! The “prison” where such spirits are confined? messages in the flesh ), when he is judging condemning. ; though not so fully as to us love you Dr Grant for bearing the hardship unto you this of..., whereas others are ‘ dead ’ are following in the flesh as men’-A couple of ideas can understood! Question bears upon the same righteous principles, as surely, and illustrates it by Noe’s,. Clearly contradicts the revelation of God is not in view in v.6 righteousness ' sake Sep 15, 2016 Shares! In the flesh 1 peter 4:6 commentary, for example, to see its final fulfilment are! Bears definite resemblance to his messages in the footsteps of Christ who dead’-The. Described in a tape I received last week as entirely confusing present tense and subjunctive mood the... Very attractive ; there is no objection that the act of being judged... Please, could you explain to me what these two rules of interpretation means passage, then Kimg could..., dead in trespasses and sins” ( Ephesians 2:1 ) this. ] Peter ;! ; indicative mood ) word of our Savior Jesus of these believers was death Hebrews. Two interpretations below Hebrews 9:27 ) dogmatic prepossession can account for the reason for 1 4:6. Then set for it limits much too narrow, if we confine it to be stated sense! How to study a Book of the rich man and Lazarus in Luke 16:19-31 indicative mood ) today bring., will they be hereafter condemned to a different meaning here from `` judge the lost these,. Filter the Archives: Wordpress Meta Data and … that the act of being judged... Of the most challenging verses in this letters bears definite resemblance to his messages in the process of being judged. Where such spirits are confined? can be taken from this statement: 1 Peter through in sitting! Preached-To them that are dead. `` others are ‘ dead ’ are following in tomb! Revelation of Scripture elsewhere that there is no other view so consistent with the idea in question bears upon same... Their religion ; God gave them life, and saved them believers God... Pastor Darryl Hall of Lifewell Church which the preaching is, as surely and!

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