Live according to God—A true, spiritual, and holy life in this world, and a life of glory in heaven, even such a life as he requires and gives to all who obey his gospel. So both are true. No one with an un-preoccupied mind could doubt, taking this clause by itself, that the persons to whom this preaching was made were dead at the time of being preached to. 1 Peter 4:8-11. 3) Accomplish the Will of God (1 Peter 4:7-11) What is the difference between the âdeadâ of verse five and verse six? 1 Peter 3:18). âMost assuredly, I say to you, he who hears My word and believes in Him who sent Me has everlasting life, and shall not come into judgment, but has passed from death into lifeâ (John 5:24). âAnd you had better,â he says, âsuffer in well-doing than in evil-doing.â He then gives an instance of persons who suffered in evil-doingâthe fleshly Antediluvians, whom God cut short in their crimes by the Flood, and to whom Christ went to preach in their prison-house. Our Lord bids the Apostles âfear Him [it is doubtful whether he means God, or Satan, who acts by Godâs permission] who is able to destroy both soul [He does not say âspiritâ] and body in hell.â So it would be the simplest explanation of our present text if we might believe that these Antediluvians were to be deprived of resurrection of the flesh which they had so foully corrupted, but in Godâs mercy, through accepting the gospel preached to them by Christ after their death, were to be allowed a purely spiritual existence. Preached-to them that are dead; preached to them when they were living. Those who try to claim that this passage is simple to understand are simply ignorant of the issues. 1 John 2:28). This interpretation clearly contradicts the revelation of Scripture elsewhere that there is no second chance after death ( Hebrews 9:27). The word “judged” here, I suppose, therefore, to refer to a sentence passed on them for their religion, consigning them to death for it. The author of 1 Peter understands the gospel and its consequences quite differently. Meyer holds that this is an expansion of I Peter 3:20. That the Apostle Peter is the author of 1 Peter however, is certain. by Grant Richison | Nov 14, 1997 | 1 Peter | 81 comments, âFor this reason the gospel was preached also to those who are dead, that they might be judged according to men in the flesh, but live according to God in the spirit.â.  Of which salvation the prophets have enquired and searched diligently, who prophesied of the grace that should come unto you:  Searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify, when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow. http://versebyversecommentary.com/articles/becoming-a-christian/, Grant's Verse-by-Verse Logos Bible Software. ... Verses 4-6 I. The Bible says that the gospel was “preached to the dead” (1 Peter 4:6). John Piper Sep 15, 2016 395 Shares Look at the Book. Chris, if there is an unclear passage before us then we chose two rules of interpretation that clarifies the problem passage: 1) what does the majority of texts speak the the issue in the problem passage and 2) what do the clearer passage speak to the problem. , that is, as surely, and upon the same righteous principles, as they will be who are living at his advent. Death is the judgment or sentence passed on all men (Sirach 14:17 = Genesis 2:17; Genesis 3:19). The judgment is imminent because all necessary preliminaries have been accomplished. People's Bible Notes for 1 Peter 4:6. Not a few affirm that only dogmatic prepossession can account for the contrary opinion. There is no verb âareâ in this verse. Are you dead, spiritually? Men cannot touch the soul (Matthew 10:28). The reason why the Gospel had been preached (before they died) to those who were dead was precisely so that while as human beings it might have been their destiny to be called to account in order to be judged by men, a judgment which might even have ended in martyrdom, they would then like Jesus go on into the afterlife and live according to God in the spirit, being with Him Who had been made alive in spirit, as ‘the spirits of just men made perfect’ (Hebrews 12:23). We ‘follow in His steps’ (1 Peter 2:21). â Ed. While the word often denotes a condemnation (as in English we say âto sentenceâ)âfor example, in John 16:1-2; 2 Thessalonians 2:12; Revelation 19:2âit seems to have the further notion of a judicial death in 1 Corinthians 11:31-32 : âHad we been in the habit of discerning ourselves, we should not have been subject to these repeated judgments (weakness, sickness, deathâ1 Corinthians 11:30); but now these judgments are a discipline from our Lord, to save us from being condemned with the world.â And that judicial destruction to the flesh is what St. Peter means. Not the fact that Christ was now ready for judgment; for although He will certainly not come until the dead as well as the quick are in a position to be judged, yet we should then have expected something more like, âThe reason why the dead were preached to was that the judgment might no longer be put off;â instead of which, the whole point, of the verse is the particular destiny in reserve for those dead, which destiny was the intention and result of Christâs preaching the gospel to them. This makes it unlikely that Peter’s ‘judged according to men’ is parallel in sense to Paul’s ‘delivering men to Satan for the destruction of the flesh, that the spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus’ (1 Corinthians 5:5), and ‘when we are judged, we are chastened of the Lord that we should not be condemned with the world’ (1 Corinthians 11:32). Even Christians suffer the judgment that comes upon all flesh, i.e. The main points in dispute, however, are the time, scene, and subjects of this preaching. Those "sons of God" were spiritual beings who left their position in haven out of lustful rebellion. It will be noted in fact that these ‘dead’ are following in the footsteps of Christ Himself. The point here is that these people believed the gospel when they were alive but subsequently died. And this was especially so for those who had been martyred, like Stephen and James (Acts 7, 12). he proves by contrasting âbut may live in spiritâ rather than âbe savedâ or âjustified.â (3) It is next to be considered what date we are to fix for this judgment of the flesh. Believers have a similar destiny; they die physical but will be raised to eternal life by the Holy Spirit. âthey are judged in the flesh as menâ-A couple of ideas can be taken from this statement: 1. Men are judged based on their response to the gospel (while in the flesh), by both men and God. But there are various considerations which tell against this reading of the verse. They who are dead when Christ comes, will be judged according to men who are still in the flesh, that is, as surely, and upon the same righteous principles, as they will be who are living at his advent. [I have followed MacKnight on this.]. âthey may live in the spirit according to the will of Godâ-âspiritâ-âSince spirit is without the definite article in the Greek text, it could be translated âin the spiritual realmââ¦â(Grudem p. 171). Alford is wrong, 'that they might be judged according to men as regards the flesh' - i:e., be in the state of the completed sentence on sin, which is death after the flesh. A number of scholars believe that … There Jesus’ teaching concerning being ‘made alive’ includes receiving new spiritual life (‘eternal life’) in this life (John 5:24-26) with judgment in mind (John 5:27), and receiving everlasting life in the future (John 5:28-29). The judgment of men of these believers was death (see James Ac.12:2 or Antipas Re.2:13). âMen upon seeing their response condemn and penalize them will vilification, abuse, and reviling, even to the point of possibly putting some of them to death. When it says âthe gospel was preached to the dead also,â it implies a similar preaching to others, viz., to the heathen who were to âgive account,â and that the result of the preaching would be the same. It must, therefore, be a further reason for warning the Christians not to live lives of evil-doing like the contemporaries of Noah or their own heathen contemporaries. âBut such a meaning does not fit the context: what kind of warning would it be to say that God is ready to judge people for wickedness (v.5) and then add that it really does not matter much what they do in this life for there will be a second chance for them to be saved after they die? Like instances are not wanting in classical Greek. For to this end was the gospel preached also to the dead, in order that they might be judged indeed according to men as regards the flesh, but live according to God as regards the spirit. All it takes is trust in Christâs death for your sins to give you eternal life. Epimac, this is a passage that is very difficult to understand. There is much difference of opinion as to the sense of individual terms in this obscure passage. Al. | Powered by WordPress, The tense in the verb âwas preachedâ is most important (aorist tense [one point], indicative mood [actually happened]). If it be necessary to attach the word âforâ to any particular words, we may perhaps attach it to the words âthey shall give account;â and 1 Peter 4:6 would hint at the kind of account they would have to give, as âgiving accountâ implies the settlement which follows. Thus some have now physically died, whereas others are ‘dead in Christ’ (1 Peter 4:1). Some people have incorrectly understood this verse as teaching that after a person dies he or she will have a second chance to believe the gospel. Jayson, your interpretation is purely hypothetical based on a preconceived idea that is not biblical. ‘For to this end was the gospel preached even to the dead, that they might be judged indeed according to men in the flesh, but live according to God in the spirit.’. This has been said, as I think, by way of anticipation, for it might have been objected, that the gospel is of no benefit to the dead, as it does not restore them to life. The revelation then was incomplete, but nevertheless powerful to save if accepted in faith. I think those who are confused by this passsage – especially the author – should read it in conjunction with 1 Peter 3: 18-22. 6.For—That the dead are to be judged, is the particular statement, the reason for which is now to be assigned. —In view of the judgment. How should the mention of a Gospel preached to the dead in the under world bear upon the position of living Christians who are misrepresented by living detractors in the upper world? 1. The context makes us feel that St. Peter is not picturing to himself that scene as one of calm forensic investigation, with âopened booksâ or the like. The gospel was not preached to human beings after their physical death. Therefore, since Christ suffered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves also with the same mind, for he who has suffered in the flesh has ceased from sin, that he no longer should live the rest of his time in the flesh for the lusts of men, but for the will of God.a. We see in what sense he takes the former passage in the third chapter, even that death does not hinder Christ from being always our defender. The Word of God is not complex or difficult to understand. As well, the verb in âthe gospel was preachedâ (euÄngelisthÄ) is in the passive mood, thus the gospel preached does not refer to the preaching done by Christ but to the preaching of Christ. Peterâs use of the present tense and subjunctive mood shows the certainty of this coming to pass. Romans speaks about this quite a lot. STREAM DOWNLOAD. We reject the view of Alford and others that the reference is to a preaching of the gospel to men after death, which is nowhere taught in Scripture, and contradicts its whole tenor. 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